Recognizing safety through survival equipment list

Article by angel poole

You will find types of survival equipments that are available in pack as survival kits but it’s not possible for everyone to buy all the outdoor equipments indexed by a particular kit so t is beneficial to organize a survival equipment list first and buy them accordingly. You will notice in a professional survival pack that things are categorized in to the different small bags and compiled right into an one large bag. They are that basic equipments that are essential to look into any survival equipment list.

In this article, you will get the data about that survival equipment list which you may need in emergencies. One essential thing you will require for emergencies is a medical emergency first aid kit. Because it is present with get any type of wound. First aid kit will help you to provide first and possible treatment to the wounds and injuries. You can put some tensor bandages, with antiseptic cream, cotton, medical surgery tape, scissor, durable bands plus some basic painkillers or first-aid sprays for small wounds, a skin lotion to prevent from sunburns. You may even bring a fire shield blanket.

And thirds and also the most important thing that you will need is sources of light or fire like some candles, waterproof match box and lightweight weighted lighter etc. next to that you can consider some sort of waterproof flash light or emergency light. This will help you walking in dark areas or at night. But don’t forget to contain each one of these things right into a waterproof bag it will stay safe within the waterproof bag.

Fourth is water that is your basic necessity along with a significant part of a survival equipment list. You should include a purifier, which supports you to have a safer h2o and a container that you can store the water for emergency.

Fifth is dried food by which can help you survive longer if stranded inside a place. Next is a temporary shelter. You can purchase any type of portable shelter. It’s one the essentials of a survival equipment list. There are abundant supplies of foods and shelter bags on the market, which is very considerable for the list.

Then you should obtain a basic resource in a survival equipment list it includes screwdriver, small hammer, some socket and claw along with a packet of rope. It will help you to create a shelter if you do not have portable ones.

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You will find abundant supplies of foods and shelter bags on the market, which is very considerable for the list.

Then you should obtain a basic tool kit in a survival equipment list it offers screwdriver, small hammer, a set of socket and claw and a packet of rope. It can help you to make a shelter if you don’t have portable ones. survival equipment list

Use and distribution of this article is subject to our Publisher Guidelines

whereby the original author’s information and copyright must be included.

You will find abundant supplies of foods and shelter bags on the market, which is very considerable for the list.

Then you should obtain a basic tool kit in a survival equipment list it offers screwdriver, small hammer, a set of socket and claw and a packet of rope. It can help you to make a shelter if you don’t have portable ones. survival equipment list

Use and distribution of this article is subject to our Publisher Guidelines

whereby the original author’s information and copyright must be included.

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Tattoo Equipment



The best way to know a good tattoo artist is by the tattoo equipment he uses. Making use of the best quality of tattoo equipment will definitely give best results. The prime reason of making use of supreme quality of tattoo equipment is to get the clients faith and trust. Even before getting their tattoo done by a tattoo artist, they will check what the brand of colors and the quality of the tattoo equipment he uses.


Even if you are a beginner in this field, making use of a good tattoo equipment is the easiest way you can gain a customer’s trust. Moreover a good quality tattoo equipment will last for several years without giving any trouble. And it will also give best results every time it is used.


The next most important equipment is the needle used for designing a tattoo. It is important that the needles used are sterilised properly. But most of the customers prefer the use of new needles for every other customer. It is a good practice which should be followed by all the tattoo artists as it relieves them from any kind of complaint from the customer regarding any allergic reactions or diseases. It prevents the risk of any kind of cross contamination too.


The next is the use of tattoo inks. Cheap quality tattoo inks fade away easily else their color gets degraded very quickly.

Moreover the use of these cheap quality inks will harm your reputation in the market. Do not risk it just to save a little money.


Again, the other tattoo equipment to be noticed is the type of tube that is attached to the machine and the gun. It can either be made up of plastic or stainless steel. Metals have been used as tubes for a long time in this field and are sterilised every time it is used. Still plastic tubes are preferred now as it is disposed off after it is used once. Make sure all of this is done in front of your client only. He should be assured about the level of hygiene maintained by you.


Other important equipment is the stencil. It is used to make the exact design that is requested or asked by the client to be made on his skin. All this should be sterilised after every use. Other useful equipments needed to be taken care of are gloves and gauze.







For everything on tattoo equipment – –tattoo equipment

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New Study Finds Urban Informal Workers Are Integral to City Economies But Unsupported by City Policies and Practices

Medellín, Colombia (PRWEB) April 10, 2014

Research unveiled at World Urban Forum challenges myths about the informal economy, and shows that urban informal workers play vital roles in the urban economy and help keep their households out of extreme poverty. The findings also indicate that city policies and practices tend to undermine informal livelihoods.

The researchers conclude that informal workers, who make up the majority of the urban workforce in most regions, could make greater contributions if local policies and practices supported, rather than hindered, their work.

The findings are from the Informal Economy Monitoring Study (IEMS), which examined the realities faced by informal workers in 10 cities of Africa, Asia and Latin America. IEMS is a collaboration between Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO), which led the study, and WIEGO’s partners in the Inclusive Cities project.

Urban informal workers were studied across three occupational groups: home-based workers, street vendors and waste pickers. The study examines how these workers are affected by and respond to three sets of driving forces: macroeconomic trends, government policies and practices, and value chain dynamics.

It also explores the links between informal and formal economies and the contributions of the urban informal workforce to urban economies.

“The study is unique in several ways. It was undertaken by local researchers in each city under the guidance of a multinational, multi-disciplinary advisory committee, and involves a unique partnership between WIEGO, a global research-policy-action network, and local organizations of informal workers,” explains Marty Chen, WIEGO’s International Coordinator, a Lecturer in Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School, and an Affiliated Professor with the Harvard Graduate School of Design.

The Research

Researchers worked in partnership with membership-based organizations (MBOs) of informal workers. Data were collected using both quantitative (surveys) and qualitative (focus group discussions) methods with:

    447 home-based workers in Ahmedabad, India; Bangkok, Thailand; and Lahore, Pakistan
    743 street vendors in Accra, Ghana; Ahmedabad, India; Durban, South Africa; Lima, Peru; and Nakuru, Kenya
    763 waste pickers in Belo Horizonte, Brazil; Bogotá, Colombia; Durban, South Africa; Nakuru, Kenya; and Pune, India

The Findings

The IEMS found most workers do not choose informality as a way to hide from regulations, but out of necessity. Among the study sample, the vast majority of workers’ households relied on informal earnings for survival.

The workers’ livelihood activities are intrinsically linked to the formal economy. They purchase inputs from and sell to formal businesses. For example, over 50 per cent of street vendors in the sample source their goods from formal sector suppliers. For 76 per cent of waste pickers, the main buyers for what they collect and sell are formal businesses—thus their activities translate into profits for formal enterprises, scrap shops, recycling companies, producers and artists.

Most sub-contracted home-based workers in the sample produce goods that are sold in local or global markets by formal firms. Other home-based workers market their own products. These workers noted that when they purchase supplies and equipment, they pay consumer taxes into the public purse.

Nearly two thirds of street vendors said they pay their city government for a license, permit or access to public space for vending.

All informal workers reported they are affected by macroeconomic trends. Inflation impacts the earnings of home-based workers and street vendors by raising the cost of inputs, but informal workers are often unable to raise their own prices to maintain a profit margin. Recession leads to fewer customers – and more competition when those who lose formal jobs turn to the informal economy to make a living. Also, competition from multinational retailers and the influx of cheap imported goods hurts informal workers’ enterprises just as it does small formal businesses.

City policies and practices

In all cities and across the three occupational groups, study participants reported that the policies and practices of city governments hampered their livelihoods. All three groups cited the lack of access to infrastructure as a significant problem in their work. Costly, unreliable electricity was a particular issue for many home-based workers. For street vendors, lack of access to running water—especially for those who sell food—was a problem. Both waste pickers and home-based workers said the cost of public transport is a problem in their work.

For home-based workers whose homes double as their workplaces, small and poor-quality housing were major challenges. In some cases, home-based workers had been relocated with no concern for their livelihood activities.

Street vendors across all cities spoke of the disruptive and costly impact of chronic abuse by authorities – including harassment, confiscations, and arrest.

Waste pickers in most cities also saw their local officials in a negative light. In Bogotá and Durban, for example, over 84 per cent said poor treatment by the local authority is a problem, and almost 90 per cent said regulations and by-laws regarding waste are a problem. However, in Belo Horizonte where the municipality has long had a formal partnership with waste pickers’ organizations, 63 per cent of waste pickers said they have experienced support from the city, compared to just 26 per cent or less in the other cities.


Recommendations for urban policymakers and planners, created jointly by researchers and informal workers’ organizations, included:

    providing low-income housing better suited to income generation
    ensuring zoning that allows mixed residential and business use
    establishing a beneficial regulatory environment
    integrating waste pickers into solid waste management plans and providing infrastructure for sorting and other activities
    recognizing the role that urban infrastructure plays in supporting livelihoods at the base of the economic pyramid, not just at the top
    ensuring informal workers are full participants in urban planning and policymaking

“The partner organizations in each city will be using the findings in their ongoing advocacy with local government,” Dr. Chen says.

As the IEMS findings demonstrate, continuing to ignore the contributions of informal workers in city plans will result in lost opportunities to build thriving cities and strong local and national economies.

Detailed summaries of the findings and recommendations by occupational group are available at

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